Police Science : Newsletter
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Police Science : Newsletter No. 204, February 2017
 
An innovative cooperation product by TC TeamConsult, Geneva/Zurich - CH and Freiburg, D www.tc-teamconsult.com and the chair for criminology at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Prof. Dr. Thomas Feltes), http://www.kriminologie.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/ as well as master's programs Kriminologie und Polizeiwissenschaft and Criminal Justice, Governance and Police Science at Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
 

 
1) Changing the “Culture of Policing”—One Recruit at a Time
2) How Safe Is Your City?
3) “Crimigration” – Expulsion as a Means of Migration and Crime Control in Germany
4) Threat to Criminal Justice Officials: If It Is Predictable, It Is Preventable
5) Crime in the United States in 2016: A Preliminary Analysis
6) Police and code of silence
7) Sex Work Research
8) Gentrification and the flexibilisation of spatial control: Policing sex work in Germany
9) New Methods to Detect Lying Behaviour
10) Guidelines on Structured Interrogating Using Interrogation Cards
11) Economic Losers, Protestors, Islamophobes or Xenophobes? Predicting Public Support for a Counter-Jihad Movement

 
1) Changing the “Culture of Policing”—One Recruit at a Time
The New York Police Department’s new approach to training is embodied in a $950 million facility that includes a gym and Olympic-sized pool. An article profiles the new generation of cops who the NYPD hopes will change the face of policing in New York. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=391
 
 
2) How Safe Is Your City?
Scholars suggest that the conversation about national and metro crime rates ignores a crucial metric: the lived experience of urban violence, where crime can vary greatly from one neighborhood to the next. The risk of being shot is not equal in all parts of a city, but rather clusters most heavily in a handful of blocks. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=392
 
 
3) “Crimigration” – Expulsion as a Means of Migration and Crime Control in Germany
Due to the attacks with an Islamist background, among other things, in July and December 2016, the topic of safety is very present in the refugee debate. Criminal law functions here as an easily available political resource and especially the right of expulsion attached to it is symbol-politically attractive, for it indicates to have alleged control over crime as well as immigration occurrences. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=394
 
 
4) Threat to Criminal Justice Officials: If It Is Predictable, It Is Preventable
A contribution from Canada is dealing with the question of how violence against law enforcement agency staff can be predicted and as a consequence also be prevented. It gives a compilation and evaluation of factors that make it possible to prevent this violence. http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/vio.2016.0016
 
 
5) Crime in the United States in 2016: A Preliminary Analysis
The murder rate is projected to rise by 13.1 percent this year, with nearly half of this increase attributable to Chicago alone (234 of 496 murders). Other cities that drove the national murder increase in 2015 are projected to see significant decreases in 2016. The causes are still unclear, but some theories include higher concentrations of poverty, increased gang activity, and fewer police officers. https://www.brennancenter.org/publication/crime-2016-preliminary-analysis
 
 
6) Police and code of silence
The code of silencehas long been viewed as a serious obstacle in control of police misconduct and achievement of police accountability. The study shows, that police officers’ reluctance to report is the perception that the other officers would not report. The code is also negatively related to familiarity with the official rules, evaluation of misconduct as serious, and the expectation of harsher discipline. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0887403416680853
 
 
7) Sex Work Research
A blog provides information for researchers, students, activists and anyone interested in research on sex work and related topics, including human trafficking. https://sexworkresearch.wordpress.com/
 
 
8) Gentrification and the flexibilisation of spatial control: Policing sex work in Germany
Gentrification has often been linked to the spatial displacement of the marginalised, including prostitutes. However, in Germany, the legal spaces of prostitution are to a certain extent defensible, and gentrification processes often cover larger parts of inner cities, leaving little room for displacement. A paper analyses how police make sense of and shape the shifting geographies of gentrification. It shows how spatial displacement is partially subsumed by two additional police strategies: intensifying attempts to discursively appease protesting citizens, and flexibilising the containment of prostitution in the inner city. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=396
 
 
9) New Methods to Detect Lying Behaviour
The article illustrates why there can be no clear links assumed between lying and non-verbal behaviour. Two very promising interview methods for assessment of lying behaviour are presented and discussed in respect of their implementability in the area of security. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=397
 
 
10) Guidelines on Structured Interrogating Using Interrogation Cards
Various studies document significant deficits in the conduct of interrogations. The article illustrates why interrogation cards can address weak spots when applying structured interrogation and this is also helpful in ascertaining the truth. https://www.kriminalistik.de/ausgabe/inhalt-der-ausgabe-november-2016#Artikel4
 
 
11) Economic Losers, Protestors, Islamophobes or Xenophobes? Predicting Public Support for a Counter-Jihad Movement
Drawing on a new survey and sample of self-identified supporters, this article investigates the predictors of public support for the English Defence League (EDL), the inaugural ‘defence league’ in Europe. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1111/1467-9248.12159