Police Science : Newsletter
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Police Science : Newsletter No. 207, May 2017
 
An innovative cooperation product by TC TeamConsult, Geneva/Zurich - CH and Freiburg, D www.tc-teamconsult.com and the chair for criminology at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Prof. Dr. Thomas Feltes), http://www.kriminologie.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/ as well as master's programs Kriminologie und Polizeiwissenschaft and Criminal Justice, Governance and Police Science at Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
 

 
1) Law Enforcement Use of Social Media
2) Errors by Eyewitnesses when Identifying Black Suspects
3) New EU Regulation for Europol and Wider Access to Data
4) Burglars and Street Networks
5) Iliria International Review – online
6) How Do People in High-Crime, Low-Income Communities View the Police?
7) Crime and Crime Reporting in South Africa
8) Declining juvenile crime. Explanations for the international downturn
9) Xenophobic Assaults in South Africa on the Increase
10) ‘Suicide by Cop’: The Questions That Don’t Get Asked
11) ‘Implicit Bias’ Influences Cops Involved in Deadly Force Incidents

 
1) Law Enforcement Use of Social Media
A national scan of practice among law enforcement agencies across the United States reveals that they use social media to notify the public of safety concerns, manage public relations, and gather evidence for criminal investigations. A total of 539 agencies representing 48 states participated in the survey and answered questions regarding their use of social media, the management of social media engagement activities, barriers to success, and their future social media needs. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=417
 
 
2) Errors by Eyewitnesses when Identifying Black Suspects
Black male suspects with stereotypical facial features had a higher likelihood of being misidentified as the offender in lineups with study participants. The remarkable fact about this study is that the pictures of black men used as test material were pictures of men who were exonerated by the Innocence Project due to evidence. Moreover, misidentifications of these men were more likely even independent of the subject’s ethnic origin. Source: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/lcrp.12105/full
 
 
3) New EU Regulation for Europol and Wider Access to Data
By means of this new regulation, German federal police, customs investigation service and police forces of all the 16 federal German states will be able to directly access the analysis data banks in The Hague. This was announced in the “Law Amending the Europol Law” which was published in late March. Even full access is possible, with a few restrictions. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=418
 
 
4) Burglars and Street Networks
Explaining why crime is spatially concentrated has been a central theme of much criminological research. Environmental criminology asserts that the physical environment plays a central role by shaping people's activity patterns and the opportunities for crime. This study tests theoretical expectations regarding the role of the road network in shaping the spatial distribution of crime. Novel metrics concerning offender familiarity and effort were significant predictors of residential burglary location choices. And nonlocal pedestrian traffic was found to be associated with an increase in burglary risk, local traffic with a decrease. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=419
 
 
5) Iliria International Review – online
This scientific journal is double-blind peer-reviewed and open access published semi- annually. IIR is devoted to publish research papers from the field of Social Sciences and Humanities. IIR aims to promote interdisciplinary studies and research and to explore the intersection of policy, practice and research from the South East European Region. http://www.iliriapublications.org/index.php/iir/index
 
 
6) How Do People in High-Crime, Low-Income Communities View the Police?
This brief represents the experiences, views, and attitudes of community members who are often underrepresented in research on perceptions of law enforcement – people living in high-crime neighbourhoods with concentrated disadvantage. The survey found that while residents of these neighbourhoods are distrustful of police, they nevertheless want to cooperate and partner with police to make their communities safer. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=420
 
 
7) Crime and Crime Reporting in South Africa
Crimes most feared by South Africans are the ones that increased substantially over the past five years. Increasingly, victims of crimes are not reporting their incidents to the police. While nine in 10 motor vehicle thefts are reported to the police, the same can only be said for half of all assaults, and around a third of stock theft and consumer fraud incidents. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=421
 
 
8) Declining juvenile crime. Explanations for the international downturn
In The Netherlands registered youth crime figures show a spectacular downward trend from 2007 (minus 60%). This decrease can be seen amongst girls and boys, and also amongst ethnic minorities and the native Dutch. This trend can also be observed in a lot of other countries. However, the real trigger for the freefall of youth crime seems to be the extensive worldwide dissemination of smartphones and online-games that started in 2006/7. This led to a lot of free time spent ‘looking at screens’ and not being present on the street and public space. So the main factor responsible for the fall in youth crime can be found in the use of free time and a different role and influence of peer groups. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=422
 
 
9) Xenophobic Assaults in South Africa on the Increase
The latest outburst of xenophobic violence in South Africa’s political capital, Pretoria, and commercial capital, Johannesburg, is reverberating across the continent. Addressing ‘scapegoatism’– the blaming of poor government service delivery on foreigners – would have the biggest impact on xenophobia, but is of course very hard to address because it demands better service delivery, which is a wider and chronic problem. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=424
 
 
10) ‘Suicide by Cop’: The Questions That Don’t Get Asked
When a mentally ill individual dies in a police shooting, commentators focus on the officer who pulled the trigger. It also makes sense to ask why no one detected the individual's problems in the first place. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=426
 
 
11) ‘Implicit Bias’ Influences Cops Involved in Deadly Force Incidents
An analysis of 990 fatal police shootings in 2015 found that African Americans were more than twice as likely as whites to have been unarmed during the encounter. In order to address implicit bias, authors recommend more police training, strengthening police ties with communities, and the creation of a national use-of-force. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1745-9133.12293/abstract