Police Science : Newsletter
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Police Science : Newsletter No. 210, September 2017
 
An innovative cooperation product by TC TeamConsult, Geneva/Zurich - CH and Freiburg, D www.tc-teamconsult.com and the chair for criminology at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Prof. Dr. Thomas Feltes), http://www.kriminologie.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/ as well as master's programs Kriminologie und Polizeiwissenschaft and Criminal Justice, Governance and Police Science at Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
 

 
1) European Criminology Oral History Project
2) More police – or more social workers?
3) Practice of offender profiling in Japan
4) Healthy organizational culture – healthy employees?
5) Influencing Factors of Organisational Working Atmosphere on Work Motivation and Mental Wellbeing of Police Officers
6) The Effects of Electronic Monitoring on Recidivism in France
7) Development Possibilities of a Prevention Policy Targeted at Various Phenomena of Politically Motivated Violent Crimes
8) Gender gap and heart rate
9) What works in Crime Prevention?
10) Internet Platform for Turkish Lawyers Living in Exile
11) Report by the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT) about Germany
12) Food in Africa
13) Cancer Due to Work-Related Stress

 
1) European Criminology Oral History Project
The aim of the ECOH project is to build a collective memory of European criminology by creating an archive of videotaped interviews of people who have made important contributions. The first interviews are available. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCommPTU1z27MXC9rFlkCz6w
 
 
2) More police – or more social workers?
The College of Policing in the UK estimates that around 84 per cent of all incoming calls to command and control centres are for “non-crime” incidents. Rather than law breaking, the core business of police work today is on something officially defined as “Public Safety and Welfare” – mental health, child protection, missing persons and suicides. The chief inspector of constabulary said: “The police are considered to be the service of last resort. In some areas, particularly where people with mental health problems need urgent help, the police are increasingly being used as the service of first resort. This is wrong.” http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=450
 
 
3) Practice of offender profiling in Japan
The main aim of this study was to determine the current situation of offender profiling in Japan. To evaluate offender profiling comprehensively, a national survey of 156 people responsible for offender profiling between 2011 and 2012 was conducted. The results revealed that police professionals from various backgrounds were engaged in profiling in Japan; 76% were police investigators, and 19% were professionals at forensic science laboratories engaged in psychological work. Regarding the utilization of profiling results in police investigations, 46% of profiling ‘led to identification of offender’. Accurately inferring an offender’s profile was found to be between 72% (means of transportation) and 100% (sex). http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1461355717714001
 
 
4) Healthy organizational culture – healthy employees?
The effectiveness of organizational culture on perceived health of German police officers was studied. Results showed that the more a police organizational culture fostered their subcultures and health-enhancing working conditions, the higher the perceived physical and mental health. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1461355717716680
 
 
5) Influencing Factors of Organisational Working Atmosphere on Work Motivation and Mental Wellbeing of Police Officers
The dissertation written at the University of Magdeburg, Germany, can be found here: http://edoc2.bibliothek.uni-halle.de/hs/content/titleinfo/67991
 
 
6) The Effects of Electronic Monitoring on Recidivism in France
Our instrumental variables estimates show that fully converting prison sentences into electronic monitoring (EM) has long-lasting beneficial effects on recidivism. According to the authors’ opinion, EM can be a very cost-effective alternative to short prison sentences. http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/10.1086/690005 
 
7) Development Possibilities of a Prevention Policy Targeted at Various Phenomena of Politically Motivated Violent Crimes
The final report of each module is available on the homepage of the German Federal Criminal Police Office. Overall, the project comprises three pivotal reports and a special evaluation.
http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=452
 
 
8) Gender gap and heart rate
Although it is well established that males engage in more crime compared with females, little is known about what accounts for the gender gap. In this study, the hypothesis that a low resting heart rate partly mediates the relationship between gender and crime is tested. A low resting heart rate partially mediated the relationship between gender and all types of adult criminal offending, including violent and nonviolent crime. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1745-9125.12138/full
 
 
9) What works in Crime Prevention?
In this article, Weisburd, Farrington and others summarize what is known in seven broad criminal justice areas by drawing on 118 systematic reviews. Although not everything works, persuasive evidence of the effectiveness of programs, policies, and practices across a variety of intervention areas is shown. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1745-9133.12298/abstract  
 
 
10) Internet Platform for Turkish Lawyers Living in Exile
The German Judges Association and the German Association of Lawyers jointly launched the platform after the constitutional referendum in Turkey. The Turkish-language website offers Turkish judges, prosecutors and lawyers who are fleeing to Germany for political reasons first orientation and contact information to German colleagues. http://www.turkish-law-colleagues.de
 
 
11) Report by the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT) about Germany
The report to the German government on the committee’s visit in late 2015 is available on the Internet. During their visit, the delegation saw six police institutions of the federal states of Bavaria, Berlin, Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt. http://www.coe.int/en/web/cpt/germany
 
 
12) Food in Africa
A recent report from the African Futures Project shows that the widening gap between domestic food supply and demand could have serious consequences for food stability. A rapidly growing population in Southern Africa means an increasingly higher food demand. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=455
 
 
13) Cancer Due to Work-Related Stress
A Canadian study was able to demonstrate that men who have had a stressful job for more than 15 years, suffered more frequently from certain forms of cancer than others. Among the stressors were work load, time pressure, conflicts und dangerous working conditions – this was confirmed for firefighters. Police officers were not included in the study. http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=456