Police Science : Newsletter
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Police Science : Newsletter No. 211, October 2017
 
An innovative cooperation product by TC TeamConsult, Geneva/Zurich - CH and Freiburg, D www.tc-teamconsult.com and the chair for criminology at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Prof. Dr. Thomas Feltes), http://www.kriminologie.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/ as well as master's programs Kriminologie und Polizeiwissenschaft and Criminal Justice, Governance and Police Science at Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
 

 
1) Urban crime rates and immigration
2) Recording of offences on police domestic violence call outs
3) Fear of crime and the police
4) Cost of Crime
5) A single stressful event may cause long-term effects in the brain
6) Income inequality and fear of crime across the European region
7) Victims of Police Violence in the US
8) Automating Risk Assessment Instruments and Reliability
9) Prevention of white-collar crime through licensing: The case of the licensing of employees in the Swedish securities industry
10) Impact of a casino on neighborhood crime

 
1) Urban crime rates and immigration
Research has shown little support for the enduring proposition that increases in immigration are associated with increases in crime. Results of a recent study in the U.S. indicate that immigration is consistently linked to decreases in violent (e.g., murder) and property (e.g., burglary) crime. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15377938.2016.1261057
 
 
2) Recording of offences on police domestic violence call outs
Due to new legislation, Finnish police have been legally obligated to record and investigate all assaults, including domestic violence (DV). These assaults can be prosecuted even without victim consent. The current study presents the first empirical results on legal and extra-legal factors associated with recording DV as an offence in Finland. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01924036.2017.1364277
 
 
3) Fear of crime and the police
Using lifestyle exposure theory as a guide, this study examines the complex relationship between fear of crime and select lifestyle and individual-level constructs. Participants included undergraduate students. A significant relationship emerged between police visibility and fear of crime in the estimated partial and full models. Results also indicated that student lifestyle choices can impact fear of crime. Multiple individual characteristics, namely gender, race and living arrangement, were positively related to student fear of crime. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0032258X16676289
 
 
4) Cost of Crime
The dissertation by Caroline von der Heyden at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany, with the subheading ”Towards a more humane, rational, and unified criminal justice policy in Germany” is available online at http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=459
 
 
5) A single stressful event may cause long-term effects in the brain
A person experiences deep stress caused by a sudden incident (a traffic accident, a natural catastrophe, an episode of violence). Later, this person could develop a serious neuropsychiatric disorder that lasts for years, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). http://www.polizei-newsletter.de/links.php?L_ID=461
 
 
6) Income inequality and fear of crime across the European region
This paper aims to take a holistic approach to studying fear of crime by testing predictors at multiple levels of analyses. Data from the European Social Survey (N = 56,752 from 29 countries) were used to test and extend the Income Inequality and Sense of Vulnerability Hypotheses. The findings confirm that individuals in societies with greater income inequalities are more fearful of crime, and older or disabled people as well as women report greater fear of crime. Ethnic majority and not ethnic minority members report greater fear of crime, if they reside in high income inequality countries. Fear of crime also explains the inverse association between income inequality and subjective well-being. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1477370816648993
 
 
7) Victims of Police Violence in the US
According to a study, 990 individuals became victims of shots from the police in the US in 2015. An evaluation of coverage in the Washington Post showed that minorities attacked officers significantly less often than whites and that blacks were twice as often unarmed as whites. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1745-9133.12269/full
 
 
8) Automating Risk Assessment Instruments and Reliability
In 2014, there were 6,851,000 adults under correctional supervision in the United States. Within 5 years of being released from prison, 77% of an estimated 400,000 state prisoners eventually reoffended. The utilization of risk assessment instruments is increasingly common in various criminal justice contexts as practitioners use these instruments to predict recidivism, identify addressable criminogenic needs, and direct resources to those offenders at greatest risk of reoffending. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1745-9133.12272/abstract
 
 
9) Prevention of white-collar crime through licensing: The case of the licensing of employees in the Swedish securities industry
Licensing programmes for employees in the securities industry have been introduced in an increasing number of countries and have become a significant element of control of the associated markets, which are important for public finances. This article documents the licensing programme in the Swedish securities industry, and analyses its potential to foster rule compliance and prevent white-collar crime. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/sj.2014.45?wt_mc=alerts.TOCjournals
 
 
10) Impact of a casino on neighborhood crime
Eight years of crime incident data were examined to determine the extent to which crime counts changed within a Philadelphia neighborhood after the opening of a new casino. Results indicate that the operation of the casino had no significant effect on crime, but drug and residential burglary offenses in the area surrounding the casino decreased. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/sj.2014.28?wt_mc=alerts.TOCjournals